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The Global Sustainable Tourism Dashboard tracks global progress towards sustainable tourism development.
The Dashboard is designed to complement the many efforts to promote sustainable development. Indicator selection was informed by the 17 United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, as well as other initiatives and programmes. Indicators were mostly derived based on existing data sources, but are presented in a way that provides important and new insights. The following sustainability themes are part of the Dashboard: Poverty Alleviation, Equality of Travel, Carbon Emissions, Sustainable Production, Protected Areas, Gender Equity, and Security.
- Tourism is making a difference in developing countries. Direct employment from travel and tourism has increased from 3.2 million jobs in 1995 in the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and Small Island Developing States (SIDS), through to 7.8 million in 2016. The share of direct employment from travel and tourism in these developing countries has increased from 4.5% to 8.0% in 2015 and 7.2% in 2016.
- In 1990, 69% of all spending on tourism came from just ten countries. Today, the top ten countries contribute 56% of all spending on tourism (up from 2015 where the share was 54%). Spending is still too dependent on these top ten countries, but tourism is spreading and more countries are participating in tourism. Travel country equity is improving slowly.
- Based on a sample of leading global hotels, the industry showed a 2.7% reduction in carbon emissions per guest night in 2016, up from 2.1% in 2015, and 3.0% in 2014. Performance for water consumption was less positive over that time period, although improvements in efficiency of 2.4% were achieved in 2016.
- In terms of another global challenge, tourism is demonstrating leadership. Using the Global Reporting Initiative, tourism and leisure companies show 42.1% of all employees are female. This same analysis of 2015 data shows aviation has 59.7% male employees (an improvement compared with 2014), and railroads have 80.4% male employees, again demonstrating where work is needed and progress being made.
For an infographic of the 2016 Dashboard please click here.
For a technical report that details the methodologies and findings for the 2016 Dashboard, please click here. The interactive pages on this website reflect the 2017 Dashboard with movable sliders to examine the data for earlier years.
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